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The California State University

Publications

  • Heinlein, J.M., A.C. Stier and M.A. Steele. 2010. Predators reduce abundance and species richness of coral reef fish recruits via non-selective predation. Coral Reefs.

  • Stier, A.C., M.A. Steele and A.J. Brooks. 2009. Coral reef fishes use the crown-of-thorns seastar as habitat. Coral Reefs 28: 227.

  • Paddack, M., J. Reynolds, C. Aguilar, R. Appeldoorn, J. Beets, E. Burkett, P. Chittaro, (...) and I. Côté. 2009. Recent region-wide declines in Caribbean reef fish abundance. Current Biology : CB.

  • Samhouri, J., R. Vance, G. Forrester and M. Steele. 2009. Musical chairs mortality functions. Oecologia 160: 257-265.

  • Samhouri, J., M. Steele and G. Forrester. 2009. Inter-cohort competition drives density dependence and selective mortality in a marine fish. Ecology 90: 1009-1020.

  • Wormald, C.L. and M.A. Steele. 2008. Wormald, C. L. and M. A. Steele. 2008. Testing assumptions of mark-recapture theory in the coral reef fish Lutjanus apodus. Journal of Fish Biology 73: 498–509.

  • Forrester, G.E., M.A. Steele, J.F. Samhouri, B. Evans and R.R. Vance. 2008. Spatial density dependence scales up but does not produce temporal density dependence in a coral reef fish. Ecology 89: 2980-2985.

  • Forrester, G., M. Steele, J. Samhouri and R. Vance. 2008. Settling larvae of a small coral-reef fish discriminate reef features at large, but not small, spatial scales. Limnology & Oceanography 53: 21-21.

  • Steele, M.A., S.C. Schroeter and H.M. Page. 2007. Preliminary investigation of the effects of purse seine size on estimates of density and species richness of estuarine fishes. Estuaries and Coasts 30: 344–347.

  • Williams, J., L. Allen, M. Steele and D. Pondella II. 2007. El Nino periods increase growth of juvenile white seabass ( Atractoscion nobilis) in the Southern California Bight. Marine Biology 152: 193-200.

  • Steele, M.A. and T.W. Anderson. 2006. Predation. In Ecology of California Marine Fishes, edited by L.G. Allen, M.H. Horn and D.J. Pondella, 428-448. U.C. Press.

  • Forrester, G.E., B. Evans, M.A. Steele and R.R. Vance. 2006. Assessing the magnitude of intra- and interspecific competition in two coral-reef fishes using a response surface experiment. Oecologia 148: 632–640.

  • Steele, M.A., S.C. Schroeter and H.M. Page. 2006. Steele, M. A., S. C. Schroeter, and H. M. Page. 2006. Sampling characteristics and biases of enclosure traps for sampling fishes in estuaries. Estuaries and Coasts 29: 630-638.

  • Steele, M.A., S.C. Schroeter and H.M. Page. 2006. Experimental evaluation of biases associated with sampling estuarine fishes with seines. Estuaries and Coasts 29: 1172-1184.

  • Steele, M., S. Schroeter, R. Carpenter and D. Kushner. 2006. Top-down vs. bottom-up effects in kelp forests. Science (New York, N.Y.).

  • Steele, M. and G. Forrester. 2005. Small-scale field experiments accurately scale up to predict density dependence in reef fish populations at large scales. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102: 13513-13516.

  • Forrester, G. and M. Steele. 2004. PREDATORS, PREY REFUGES, AND THE SPATIAL SCALING OF DENSITY-DEPENDENT PREY MORTALITY. Ecology 85: 1332-1342.

  • Forrester, G., B. Fredericks, D. Gerdeman, B. Evans, M. Steele, K. Zayed, L. Schweitzer, I. Suffet, R. Vance and R. Ambrose. 2003. Growth of estuarine fish is associated with the combined concentration of sediment contaminants and shows no adaptation or acclimation to past conditions. Marine Environmental Research 56: 423-442.

  • Swearer, S., G. Forrester, M. Steele, A. Brooks and D. Lea. 2003. Spatio-temporal and interspecific variation in otolith trace-elemental fingerprints in a temperate estuarine fish assemblage. Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science 56: 1111-1123.

  • Forrester, G.E., R.R. Vance and M.A. Steele. 2002. Simulating large-scale population dynamics using small-scale data. In Coral reef fishes: dynamics and diversity in a complex ecosystem, edited by P.F. Sale, 275-301. San Diego: Academic Press.

  • Steele, M.A., J.C. Malone, A.M. Findlay, M.H. Carr and G.E. Forrester. 2002. A simple method for estimating larval supply in reef fishes and a preliminary test of limitation of population size by larval supply in the kelp bass, Paralabrax clathratus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 235: 195-203.

  • Steele, M.A. and G.E. Forrester. 2002. Variation in the relative importance of sublethal effects of predators and competitors on growth of a temperate reef fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series 237: 233-245.

  • Steele, M. and G. Forrester. 2002. EARLY POSTSETTLEMENT PREDATION ON THREE REEF FISHES. Ecology 83: 1076-1091.

  • Forrester, G. and M. Steele. 2000. VARIATIONS IN THE PRESENCE AND CAUSE OF DENSITY-DEPENDENT MORTALITY IN THREE SPECIES OF REEF FISHES. Ecology 81: 2416-2427.

  • Malone, J.C., G.E. Forrester and M.A. Steele. 1999. Effects of subcutaneous microtags on the growth, survival, and vulnerability to predation of small reef fishes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 237: 243-253.

  • Steele, M.A. 1999. Effects of shelter and predators on reef fishes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 233: 65-79.

  • Steele, M.A., G.E. Forrester and G.R. Almany. 1998. Influences of predators and conspecifics on recruitment of a tropical and a temperate reef fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series 172: 115-125.

  • Steele, M.A. 1998. The relative importance of predation and competition in two reef fishes. Oecologia 115: 222-232.

  • Steele, M.A. 1997. Population regulation by post-settlement mortality in two temperate reef fishes. Oecologia 112: 64-74.

  • Steele, M.A. 1997. The relative importance of processes affecting recruitment of two temperate reef fishes. Ecology 78: 129-145.

  • Steele, M.A. 1996. Effects of predators on reef fishes: separating cage artifacts from effects of predation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 198: 249-267.

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Educational Background

  • 1995 – Ph.D., University of California Santa Barbara (Biology)

  • 1989 – B.A., University of California San Diego (Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution)

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Grants

  • Reproductive output, growth, and food-chain support of fishes on the Wheeler J. North Artificial Reef

  • San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station Mitigation Project Monitoring Program: Measuring fecundity, growth, and food-chain support of kelp forest fishes on the SONGS-mitigation artificial reef and reference reefs

  • San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station Mitigation Project Monitoring Program

  • Density dependence in exploited marine fish: an experimental test and theoretical exploration of the implications for fisheries enhancement via marine protected areas

  • A test for shelter limitation of reef fish populations at large spatial scales: an integrated empirical and theoretical approach

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Positions & Honors

  • 2007 – Assistant Professor, California State University Northridge

  • 2006-2008 – Associate Research Biologist, University of California Santa Barbara

  • 2002-2006 – Assistant Research Biologist, University of California Santa Barbara

  • 1999-2001 – Research Assistant Professor, University of Rhode Island

  • 1995-2000 – Post-doctoral Associate, University of California Los Angeles

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Collaborators, Advisors & Advisees

  • Allen, L – California State University Northridge

  • Anderson, S – California State University Channel Islands

  • Anderson, T – San Diego State University

  • Brooks, A – University of California Santa Barbara

  • Forrester, G – University of Rhode Island

  • Page, H – University of California Santa Barbara

  • Reed, D – University of California Santa Barbara

  • Samhouri, J – NOAA Fisheries

  • Schroeter, S – University of California Santa Barbara

  • Stier, A – University of Florida

  • Vance, R – University of California Los Angeles

  • Wormald, C – California State University Northridge

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