Skip to side navigation Skip to content
The California State University


  • Phalen, R. and S. Hee. 2008. moving robotic hand system for whole-glove permeation and penetration. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene: 258-270.

  • Phalen, R.N. and S.S. Que Hee. 2007. Variability in surface infrared reflectance of thirteen nitrile rubber gloves at key wavelengths for analysis of captan. Applied Spectroscopy 61: 204.

  • Phalen, R., S. Hee, W. Xu and W. Wong. 2007. Acrylonitrile content as a predictor of the captan permeation resistance for disposable nitrile rubber gloves. Journal of Applied Polymer Science: 2057-2063.

  • Phalen, R. and S. Hee. 2005. Analysis of Captan on nitrile glove surfaces using a portable attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. Applied Spectroscopy: 724-731.

  • Phalen, R. and S. Hee. 2003. Permeation of captan through disposable nitrile glove. Journal of Hazardous Materials: 1-3.

return to top

Educational Background

  • 2006 – Ph.D., University California, Los Angeles (Environmental Health Science)

  • 1995 – B.A., California State University Fullerton (Biology)

return to top


  • Whole-glove integrity and chemical resistance of disposable nitrile gloves

  • A sensitive electrical conductance test for measuring whole-glove integrity

  • Influence of biomechanical work factors on the permeation of captan through nitrile gloves using robotic hands

  • Quantitative surface analysis for the permeation of captan through gloves and contaminated surfaces

  • Permeation of captan through glove materials

return to top