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  • Lema, S.C. 2020. Hormones, developmental plasticity, and adaptive evolution: Endocrine flexibility as a catalyst for ‘plasticity-first’ phenotypic divergence. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 502: 110678.

  • Lema, S.C. and O.L. Lewis. 2019. Sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial genome for the Northern Anchovy, Engraulismordax (Engraulidae: Clupeiformes),. Mitochondrial DNA Part B 4: 14-16.

  • Lema, S.C., P.G. Carvalho, J.N. Egelston, J.T. Kelly and S.D. McCormick. 2018. Dynamics of gene expression responses for ion transport proteins and aquaporins in the gill of a euryhaline pupfish during freshwater and high-salinity acclimation. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 91: 1148-1171.

  • Hack, N.L., J.S. Strobel, M.L. Journey, B.R. Beckman and S.C. Lema. 2018. Response of the insulin-like growth factor-1 (Igf1) system to nutritional status and growth rate variation in olive rockfish (Sebastes serranoides). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 224: 42-52.

  • Lema, S.C. 2017. Environmental Endocrinology. In Oxford Bibliographies in Environmental Science, edited by E. Wohl. New York: Oxford University Press.

  • Glaser, F.L., K.S. Owen, S.M. Henkanaththegedara, S. Parmenter, C.A. Stockwell and S.C. Lema. 2017. Complete mitochondrion genome of the endangered Mohave tui chub Siphateles bicolor mohavensis (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2: 797-799.

  • Havey, M.A., A.H. Dittman, T.P. Quinn, S.C. Lema and D. May. 2017. Experimental evidence for olfactory imprinting by sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka, at embryonic and smolt stages. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 146: 74-83.

  • Jimenez, M., S.C. Goodchild, C.A. Stockwell and S.C. Lema. 2017. Characterization and phylogenetic analysis of complete mitochondrial genomes for two desert cyprinodontoid fishes, Empetrichthys latos and Crenichthys baileyi. Gene 626: 163-172.

  • Johnson, K.M. and S.C. Lema. 2017. Temporal patterns of induction and recovery of biomarker transcriptional responses to 4-nonylphenol and 17beta-estradiol in the estuarine arrow goby, Clevelandia ios. Environmental Toxicology 32: 1513-1529.

  • Elkins, E.A., K.A. Walti, K.E. Newberry and S.C. Lema. 2017. Identification of an oxytocinase/vasopressinase-like leucyl-cystinyl aminopeptidase (LNPEP) in teleost fish and evidence for hypothalamic mRNA expression linked to behavioral social status. General and Comparative Endocrinology 250: 58-69.

  • Bock, S.L., M.M. Malley and S.C. Lema. 2016. Complete mitochondrial genome of the speckled dace Rhinichthys osculus, a widely distributed cyprinid minnow of western North America. Mitochondrial DNA Journal Part A 27: 4416-4418.

  • Barcelon, B.R. and S.C. Lema. 2016. Complete mitogenome of the sheepshead minnow Cyprinodon variegatus (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). Mitochondrial DNA Journal Part A 27: 2610-2612.

  • Lema, S.C., K.P. Wilson, B.L. Senger and L.E. Simons. 2016. Sequencing and characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of the endangered Devils Hole pupfish Cyprinodon diabolis (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). Mitochondrial DNA Journal Part B 1: 705-707.

  • Lema, S.C., M.I. Chow, E.J. Resner, A.A. Westman, D. May, A.H. Dittman and K.M. Hardy. 2016. Metabolic and endocrine impacts of warming inland aquatic habitats: differential responses between recently-isolated populations of a eurythermal desert pupfish. Conservation Physiology 4: cow047.

  • Barcelon, B.R. and S.C. Lema. 2016. Complete mitochondrial genome of the sheepshead minnow Cyprinodon variegatus (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part A 27: 2610-2612.

  • Lema, S., K. Sanders and K. Walti. 2015. Arginine Vasotocin, Isotocin and Nonapeptide Receptor Gene Expression Link to Social Status and Aggression in Sex‐Dependent Patterns. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 27: 142-157.

  • Noyes, P. and S. Lema. 2015. Forecasting the impacts of chemical pollution and climate change interactions on the health of wildlife. Current Zoology 61: 669-689.

  • Noyes, P. and S. Lema. 2015. Heating Up the Environmental Context of Chemical Pollution. Current Zoology 61: 614-616.

  • Lema, S. 2014. Hormones and Phenotypic Plasticity in an Ecological Context. Integrative and Comparative Biology 54: 850-863.

  • Lema, S.C. 2014. The ethical implication of organism-environment interdependency. Environmental Ethics 36: 151-169.

  • Kitano, J., A. Ishikawa and S.C. Lema. 2014. Integrated Genomics Approaches in Evolutionary and Ecological Endocrinology. In Ecological Genomics: Ecology and the Evolution of Genes and Genomes, edited by C.R. Landry and N. Aubin-Horth. Springer Press.

  • Muzzio, A.M., P.D. Noyes, H.M. Stapleton and S.C. Lema. 2014. Tissue distribution and thyroid hormone effects on mRNA abundance for membrane transporters Mct8, Mct10, and organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) in a teleost fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 167: 77-89.

  • Noyes, P.D., S.C. Lema, S.C. Roberts, E.M. Cooper and H.M. Stapleton. 2014. Rapid method for the measurement of circulating thyroid hormones in low volumes of teleost fish plasma by LC-ESI/MS/MS. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 406: 715-726.

  • Lema, S.C. and J. Kitano. 2013. Hormones and phenotypic plasticity: Implications for the evolution of integrated adaptive phenotypes. Current Zoology 59: 506-525.

  • Noyes, P.D., S.C. Lema, L.J. Macaulay, N.K. Douglas and H.M. Stapleton. 2013. Low Level Exposure to the Flame Retardant BDE-209 Reduces Thyroid Hormone Levels and Disrupts Thyroid Signaling in Fathead Minnows. Environmental Science & Technology 47: 10012–10021.

  • Kitano, J. and S.C. Lema. 2013. Divergence in thyroid hormone concentrations between juveniles of marine and stream ecotypes of the threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Evolutionary Ecology Research 15: 143-153.

  • Lema, S.C., M.A. Slane, K.E. Salvesen and J. Godwin. 2012. Variation in gene transcript profiles of two V1a-type arginine vasotocin receptors among sexual phases of bluehead wrasse (Thalassoma bifasciatum). General & Comparative Endocrinology 179: 451-464.

  • Hardy, K.M., C.R. Follett, L.E. Burnett and S.C. Lema. 2012. Gene transcripts encoding hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) exhibit tissue- and muscle fiber type-dependent responses to hypoxia and hypercapnic hypoxia in the Atlantic blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 163: 137-146.

  • Schrandt, M.N., K.M. Hardy, K.M. Johnson and S.C. Lema. 2012. Physical habitat and social conditions across a coral reef shape spatial patterns of intraspecific behavioral variation in a demersal fish. Marine Ecology 33: 149-164.

  • Schrandt, M.N. and S.C. Lema. 2011. Habitat-associated intraspecific variation in behavior and stress responses in a demersal coral reef fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series 443: 153-166.

  • Johnson, K. and S. Lema. 2011. Tissue-specific thyroid hormone regulation of gene transcripts encoding iodothyronine deiodinases and thyroid hormone receptors in striped parrotfish (Scarus iseri). General & Comparative Endocrinology 172: 505-517.

  • Hardy, K., S. Lema and S. Kinsey. 2010. Metabolic demands of swimming behavior influence the evolution of skeletal muscle fiber design in the brachyuran crab family Portunidae. Marine Biology: 221-236.

  • Kitano, J., S. Lema, J. Luckenbach, S. Mori, Y. Kawagishi, M. Kusakabe, P. Swanson and C. Peichel. 2010. Adaptive Divergence in the Thyroid Hormone Signaling Pathway in the Stickleback Radiation. Current Biology: 2124-2130.

  • Lema, S., L. Wagstaff and N. Gardner. 2010. Diurnal rhythms of behavior and brain mRNA expression for arginine vasotocin, isotocin, and their receptors in wild Amargosa pupfish (Cyprinodon nevadensis amargosae). Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology: 257-281.

  • Lema, S. 2010. Identification of multiple vasotocin receptor cDNAs in teleost fish: Sequences, phylogenetic analysis, sites of expression, and regulation in the hypothalamus and gill in response to hyperosmotic challenge. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 321: 215-230.

  • Lema, S., J. Dickey, I. Schultz and P. Swanson. 2009. Thyroid hormone regulation of mRNAs encoding thyrotropin beta-subunit, glycoprotein alpha-subunit, and thyroid hormone receptors alpha and beta in brain, pituitary gland, liver, and gonads of an adult teleost, Pimephales promelas. Journal of Endocrinology: 43-54.

  • DeBose, J., S. Lema and G. Nevitt. 2008. Dimethylsulfoniopropionate as a foraging cue for reef fishes. Science (Washington D C).

  • Lema, S., J. Dickey, I. Schultz and P. Swanson. 2008. Dietary Exposure to 2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl Ether (PBDE-47) Alters Thyroid Status and Thyroid Hormone--Regulated Gene Transcription in the Pituitary and Brain. Environmental Health Perspectives 116: 1694-1699.

  • Lema, S., J. Dickey and P. Swanson. 2008. Molecular cloning and sequence analysis of multiple cDNA variants for thyroid-stimulating hormone beta subunit (TSH beta) in the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). General and Comparative Endocrinology: 472-480.

  • Lema, S., J. Dickey, I. Schultz and P. Swanson. 2008. Dietary Exposure to 2,2 ',4,4 '-Tetrabromodiphenyl Ether (PBDE-47) Alters Thyroid Status and Thyroid Hormone-Regulated Gene Transcription in the Pituitary and Brain. Environmental Health Perspectives: 1694-1699.

  • Lema, S. 2008. Phenotypic Plasticity of Death Valley's Pupfish. American Scientist 96: 28-36.

  • Lema, S., I. Schultz, N. Scholz, J. Incardona and P. Swanson. 2007. Neural defects and cardiac arrhythmia in fish larvae following embryonic exposure to 2,2 ',4,4 '-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE 47). Aquatic Toxicology (Amsterdam): 296-307.

  • Lema, S. 2006. Population divergence in plasticity of the AVT system and its association with aggressive behaviors in a Death Valley pupfish. Hormones and Behavior: 183-193.

  • Lema, S. and G. Nevitt. 2006. Testing an ecophysiological mechanism of morphological plasticity in pupfish and its relevance to conservation efforts for endangered Devils Hole pupfish. Journal of Experimental Biology: 3499-3509.

  • Lema, S., M. Hodges, M. Marchetti and G. Nevitt. 2005. Proliferation zones in the salmon telencephalon and evidence for environmental influence on proliferation rate. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part a Molecular & Integrative Physiology: 327-335.

  • Lema, S. and G. Nevitt. 2004. Variation in vasotocin immunoreactivity in the brain of recently isolated populations of a death valley pupfish, Cyprinodon nevadensis. General and Comparative Endocrinology: 300-309.

  • Lema, S. and G. Nevitt. 2004. Evidence that thyroid hormone induces olfactory cellular proliferation in salmon during a sensitive period for imprinting. Journal of Experimental Biology: 3317-3327.

  • Lema, S. and G. Nevitt. 2004. Exogenous vasotocin alters aggression during agonistic exchanges in male Amargosa River pupfish (Cyprinodon nevadensis amargosae). Hormones and Behavior: 628-637.

  • Watters, J., S. Lema and G. Nevitt. 2003. Phenotype management. Biological Conservation: 435-445.

  • Lema, S. and J. Kelly. 2002. production of communication signals at the air-water and water-substrate boundaries. Journal of Comparative Psychology: 145-150.

  • Lema, S. and G. Nevitt. 2001. Re-evaluating NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry as an indicator of nitric oxide synthase. Neuroscience Letters: 1-2.

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Educational Background

  • 2004 – Ph.D., University of California, Davis (Animal Behavior)

  • 1999 – B.S., University of California, Davis (Evolution and Ecology)

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Positions & Honors

  • 2008-2011 – Assistant Professor, University of North Carolina, Wilmington

  • 2005-2007 – Postdoctoral Researcher, Northwest Fisheries Science Center - NOAA Fisheries (Fish Endocrinology)

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