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The California State University

Publications

  • Liwanag, H.E., D. Haro, B. Callejas, G. Labib and G.B. Pauly. 2018. Thermal tolerance varies with age and sex for the nonnative Italian Wall Lizard (Podarcis siculus) in Southern California. Journal of Thermal Biology 78: 263-269.

  • Sharma, N. and H.E. Liwanag. 2017. The effects of submergence on the thermal function of pinniped fur. Marine Mammal Science 33: 611-620.

  • Gmuca, N.V., L.E. Pearson, J.M. Burns and H.E. Liwanag. 2015. The fat and the furriest: Morphological changes in harp seal fur with ontogeny. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 88: 158-166.

  • Liwanag, H.E., J. Oraze, D.P. Costa and T.M. Williams. 2014. Thermal benefits of aggregation in a large marine endotherm: Huddling in California sea lions. Journal of Zoology 293: 152-159.

  • Pearson, L.E., H.E. Liwanag, M.O. Hammill and J.M. Burns. 2014. Shifts in thermoregulatory strategy during ontogeny in harp seals (Pagophilus groenlandicus). Journal of Thermal Biology 44: 93-102.

  • Pearson, L.E., H.E. Liwanag, M.O. Hammill and J.M. Burns. 2014. To each its own: Thermoregulatory strategy varies among neonatal phocids. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A 178: 59-67.

  • Davis Rabosky, A.R., A. Corl, H.E. Liwanag, Y. Surget-Groba and B. Sinervo. 2012. Direct fitness correlates and thermal consequences of facultative aggregation in a desert lizard. PLoS ONE 7: e40866.

  • Liwanag, H.E., A. Berta, D.P. Costa, M. Abney and T.M. Williams. 2012. Morphological and thermal properties of mammalian insulation: The evolution of fur for aquatic living. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106: 926-939.

  • Liwanag, H.E., A. Berta, D.P. Costa, S.M. Budge and T.M. Williams. 2012. Morphological and thermal properties of mammalian insulation: The evolutionary transition to blubber in pinnipeds. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 107: 774-787.

  • Liwanag, H.E. 2010. Energetic costs and thermoregulation in northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) pups: The importance of behavioral strategies for thermal balance in furred marine mammals. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 83: 898-910.

  • Liwanag, H.E., T.M. Williams, D.P. Costa, S.B. Kanatous, R.W. Davis and I.L. Boyd. 2009. The effects of water temperature on the energetic costs of juvenile and adult California sea lions (Zalophus californianus): The importance of skeletal muscle thermogenesis for thermal balance. The Journal of Experimental Biology 212: 3977-3984.

  • Williams, T.M., M. Rutishauser, B. Long, T. Fink, J. Gafney, H.E. Mostman-Liwanag and D. Casper. 2007. Seasonal variability in otariid energetics: Implications for the effects of predators on localized prey resources. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 80: 433-443.

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Educational Background

  • 2008 – Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz (Ecology & Evolutionary Biology)

  • 2001 – B.S., University of California, San Diego (Biology)

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